All our data, in particular the large number of fragments found, suggest high proteolytic activity insight the oral cavity.
The analysis of samples by gelatin zymography showed that all saliva donors displayed selleck kinase inhibitor multiple proteolytic bands, two identified as cathepsin D and G by MS. Analysis of the cleavage site distribution on the main peptide sequences based on contingency tables shows that the predominant cleavages occur between Gln-Gly or Tyr-Gly. These cleavages are largely associated with prohne-rich proteins peptides and with histatin 1 and P-B peptide, respectively. However, depending on the peptide class, different cleavage hits were observed suggesting the presence of a set of proteases acting in different ways according to different peptide sequences. Comparing the number of cleavages involving all residues, it is possible to observe that 44% (10%) of the observed cleavages in histatin, statherin and P-B peptide in all individuals may be explained by cathepsin D, suggesting a major role for this enzyme in oral cavity proteolysis.”
“The aims of this study were to profile casein phosphopeptides in goat milk, to accurately determine the site of phosphorylation,
and to evaluate whether or not any of the casein phosphorylation patterns were specific to a given physiological condition. Goat milk, collected before and after experimental induction of endotoxin mastitis, was separated by SDSPAGE. Z-DEVD-FMK Casein bands DMH1 mw were digested with trypsin and the resulting peptides were analyzed by nLC MS/MS. Eight out of nine predicted tryptic phosphopeptides corresponding to 18 different phosphorylation sites were detected in alpha(s1)-, a(s2)-, and beta-casein. Characterization of the phosphorylation sites illustrated the capability
of tandem MS to accurately localize phosphorylated residues among a number of other putative sites. Despite an apparent lower abundance, almost all of the phosphopeptides were also detected in milk samples obtained from the goats following experimental induction of endotoxin mastitis. However, a tetraphosphopeptide in alpha(s2)-casein was only observed in the milk samples obtained from healthy animals. The absence of this multiphosphopeptide in the mastitic goat milk samples could indicate changes in phosphorylation as a result of disease and potentially be used as a marker for milk quality. This study represents the first comprehensive analysis of casein phosphoproteome and reveals a much higher level of phosphorylation than previously demonstrated in goat milk.”
“Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, a fairly common disease of older persons, is a manifestation of generalized atherosclerosis, and is often associated with coronary artery disease. It is frequently associated with hypertension and impaired renal function, and is perceived by many physicians to be the cause of hypertension and renal failure.