In addition, a search of the literature was carried out. Of 232 maternal exposures to oseltamivir in the Roche
database, pregnancy outcomes were known for 115 of these exposures. The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was as follows: spontaneous abortions 6.1% (7/115), therapeutic abortions 11.3% (13/115) and pre-term deliveries 2.1% (2/94 live births), values that are not higher than background incidence rates. Fetal outcomes were known in 100 of the 232 exposures. For the nine cases of birth defect PD173074 that were reported, the timing of oseltamivir exposure in relation to the sensitive period for inducing the birth defect was analysed. Two cases of ventricular septal defect, a more common birth defect, and one case of anophthalmos, an uncommon birth defect, were consistent with exposure to oseltamivir during the sensitive period for these birth defects. For other birth defects, there was either no exposure to oseltamivir during the sensitive period for the defect or insufficient information for assessment. These findings
were consistent with other reports in the published literature, including a series of 79 Japanese women exposed to oseltamivir during the first trimester.\n\nTogether with the other evidence reviewed herein, review of the company safety database suggests that oseltamivir is unlikely to cause adverse pregnancy or fetal outcomes, but available data are limited.
Bafilomycin A1 cell line Clinicians who use oseltamivir in pregnant women should consider the available safety information, the pathogenicity of the circulating influenza virus strain, the woman’s general health and the guidance provided by health authorities. Roche will continue to monitor all reports of oseltamivir use during pregnancy.”
“Aims: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with higher risk of heart failure. Over the last three decades several studies demonstrated the presence of asymptomatic systolic and/or diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (asymLVD) in patients with normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with asymLVD in DM patients SYN-117 supplier by echocardiographic indexes more sensitive than LVEF and transmitral flow detected by pulsed Doppler.\n\nMethods: 386 DM patients without overt cardiac disease were enrolled from January to October 2011. Stress-corrected midwall shortening (sc-MS) and mitral annular peak systolic velocity (S’) were considered as indexes of systolic function of circumferential and longitudinal myocardial fibers, respectively. Early diastolic velocity of transmitral flow was divided by early diastolic Tissue Doppler velocity of mitral annulus for identifying diastolic LVD.\n\nResults: asymLVD was detected in 262 patients (68%).