It was first confirmed that the implemented training in this study effectively improved FMS proficiency. This was apparent in the results, which showed the main effect of training, suggesting that those who underwent the FMS training gained improvements in FMS scores, while control groups did not. By subsequently examining change in PA levels after undergoing FMS training, BMS-387032 manufacturer causal relationships were inferred. While training had no apparent effects on weekday PA, positive changes were found on weekend PA. Children,
with and without disability, who underwent FMS training, were found to have decreased sedentary time and heightened LPA and MVPA time on weekends. In the absence of a main effect of Training on weekday PA, it is thus suggested that the hypothesis that FMS proficiency has a causal relationship with PA was only partially supported. Previous associational research has shown a similar differentiation between weekday and weekend PA among children with and without CP, such that they were more active on weekdays than on weekends.36 This current pilot study suggests that by targeting to improve FMS proficiency, children are likely to have heightened weekend activity.
This appears to be true for children with and without disability. The distinct differentiation in the changes in weekday and weekend activity implies that other more relevant factors influence PA engagement during weekdays. For instance, with the participants in this study being of school age, it might be considered that school programs would have a substantial influence on weekday activities.37 Selleckchem Kinase Inhibitor Library Endonuclease Weekend activities, on the other hand, would be relatively less structured and more dependent on a child’s play patterns and parental influence that had been shown to affect PA of children.38 However, these psychosocial aspects
of weekday and weekend PA patterns were not examined in this study and clearly need further investigation. It was also hypothesized that FMS training will have a greater impact on PA of children with disability than those without disability. Looking at weekend PA specifically, a significant interaction between participant group and training was found in the change in weekend MVPA time. Further analysis showed that while MVPA time was increased in children with and without disability who underwent FMS training, such change was significant only for those with CP. No such interaction was found in the change in weekend sedentary time as both groups (with and without disability) who underwent FMS training manifested significant reductions in sedentary time. However, children with CP were found to have a greater decrease in sedentary time compared to those without disability (Fig. 2). These findings suggest that the impact of improved FMS proficiency on PA is of a greater magnitude for children with disability.