Moreover, the diameters and charges of metal ions may have great

Moreover, the diameters and charges of metal ions may have great influence on the sizes and properties of nanoscale GO which will be further confirmed by subsequent work. Figure 5 C 1s XPS of GO and nanoscale GO sheets. (a) GO before cutting reaction; (b) nanoscale GO Adriamycin molecular weight after cutting reaction. The peaks 1, 2, 3, and 4 correspond to C=C/C-C in aromatic rings, C-O (epoxy and alkoxy), C=O, and COOH groups, respectively. Conclusions In summary, we have demonstrated

a very simple strategy to obtain nanoscale GO pieces using metal ions as Selonsertib chemical structure oxidation reagent at mild condition. Without being heated or treated ultrasonically, two kinds of nanoscale GO pieces: GO pieces and nanoparticle-coated GO piece composites, are obtained. Based on systematic investigations of nanoscale GO piece formation by the addition Staurosporine of Ag+ ions as a tailoring reagent, a probable mechanism is suggested to explain the formation of nanoscale GO pieces, which can be mainly attributed to interaction of metal ions (Ag+, Co2+, Ni2+, etc.) with the reducing groups (e.g., epoxy groups) on the basal plane of other GO sheets. Obviously,

in this progress a large-scale GO acts with dual functions, as a reducing reagent and a nucleation site of metal or metal oxide nanoparticles. This work provides a good way or chance to fabricate nanoscale GO pieces and GO composites in water solution and more widely apply in nanoelectronic devices, biosensors, and biomedicine. Acknowledgements This work is supported by the National Key Basic Research Program (973 Project; nos. 2010CB933901 and 2011CB933100) and National Natural Scientific Fund (nos. 31170961, 81101169, 20803040, 81028009, and 51102258). Electronic supplementary material Additional file 1: Supporting information. The file contains Figures S1, S2, and S3 and a discussion of the conductive testing by conductive atomic force microscopy. (PDF 4 MB) References 1. Novoselov K, Geim A, Morozov S, Jiang D, Zhang Y, PIK-5 Dubonos S, Grigorieva I, Firsov A: Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films.

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