Since most literatures have focused on the rCBF changes of operat

Since most literatures have focused on the rCBF changes of operative hemisphere, we evaluated the hemodynamics of nonoperative side by xenon-enhanced computed tomography (Xe-CT) and acetazolamide challenge test in patients with MMD during a short time follow-up. Fifteen MMD patients with unilateral ischemic presentations who received direct revascularization on the symptomatic hemispheres

with complete hemodynamic evaluations by Xe-CT and acetazolamide challenge test were enrolled. Hemodynamic JNK-IN-8 in vivo evaluations were performed 1, 3, and 6 months, postoperatively. The postoperative rCBF and cerebral vascular reserve (CVR) were recorded and correlated with clinical outcome. Angiography was performed if the patient had neurological deterioration or deficits. The average follow-up time was 8.5 +/- 3.5 months. Three months after the ipsilateral HIF inhibitor direct revascularization, the CVR of nonoperative hemispheres (25.8 +/- 8.1%) began to decrease significantly (P = 0.003). Six months later, the rCBF showed a downward trend in nonoperative hemispheres (47.4 +/- 8.0 ml center dot 100 g(-1) min(-1)) than the preoperative status, but the difference

was not significant (P = 0.053). Three patients presented with decreased rCBF and impaired CVR in the nonoperative hemispheres. Among them, two patients were symptomatic. Unilateral direct revascularization in symptomatic hemisphere for MMD patient could induce CVR 3MA impaired in primary asymptomatic hemisphere during the short term after the surgery. Therefore, critical follow-up, especially the hemodynamic follow-up in the asymptomatic hemispheres should be performed in patients with MMD.”
“Few studies have been carried out on nitrification potential

of marsh soils in natural saline wetlands with high alkalinity. The nitrification potentials of a closed wetland and an open wetland were monitored by an aerobic incubation at 25 degrees C for 28 days. The relative nitrification index (RNI, NO(3)-N/NO(3)-N+NH(4)(+)-N) rapidly increased with time in both wetlands and decreased with depth in soil profiles in both wetlands within the first 21 days. Nitrification proceeded much faster in the closed wetland than in the open wetland. The higher rate of nitrogen removal in closed wetlands than open wetland was probably due to the fast nitrification followed by denitrification or leaching loss.”
“The purpose of this study was to assess whether intraoperative fluoroscopy assists in the restoration of the coronal limb alignment target in conventional total knee arthroplasty (TKA). One hundred and six patients undergoing conventional cemented TKA were randomly assigned to be operated on with or without intraoperative fluoroscopy. The image intensifier, together with customized manual instrumentation, was used for separately measuring the frontal alignment of the femoral and tibial resection surfaces.

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