The bandgap of the solid solutions formed between ZnS and CdS can

The bandgap of the solid solutions formed between ZnS and CdS can be

regulated by changing the compositions and therefore the photocatalytic properties can be varied [24, 25]. In this article, we reported a highly efficient three-dimensional (3D) visible-light-active Cd1−x Zn x S photocatalysts synthesized via one-step solvothermal pathway. The obtained photocatalysts had good crystallinity and ordered structure and showed excellent photocatalytic activity under the irradiation of visible light. Methods Synthesis of photocatalyst Three-dimensional Cd1−x Zn x S nanowires were synthesized LY3009104 manufacturer in a Teflon-lined stainless steel cylindrical closed chamber with a 100-mL capacity. All the chemicals were of analytical grade. Ethylenediamine (en; 60 ml) and H2O (20 ml) were used as solvent. Thiourea [NH2CSNH2] (15 mmol) was added into the solvent as sulfur source, then 5-mmol mixture of cadmium acetate [(CH3COO)2Cd·2H2O] and zinc acetate [(CH3COO)2Zn·2H2O] was added into the mixed solution. After stirring for a few minutes, the closed chamber was placed inside a

preheated oven at 160°C for 10 h and then cooled to room temperature. The obtained precipitates were filtered off and washed several times with water and ethanol, respectively. The final products were dried in vacuum at 45°C for a few hours. Characterization The morphology of the as-synthesized powder products were observed by field-emission scanning Reverse transcriptase electron microscopy (Philips Sirion 200, Philips, Netherlands). The crystallographic structure was determined by X-ray diffraction SCH727965 (XRD, D8 DISCOVER X-ray diffractometer, Bruker, Karlsruhe, Germany) with Cu Kα radiation (1.54 Å). Surface composition of the sample was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, AXIS ULTRA DLD, Kratos, Japan). The Raman spectrum was measured by the Jobin Yvon LabRam HR 800 UV system (Horiba, Kyoto, Japan) at room temperature.

A laser wavelength of 514.5 nm was used as the excitation sources. Reflectance spectra of the obtained were collected using a UV/vis spectrometer (Lambda 20, Perkin Elmer, Inc., USA). Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution The photocatalytic performance of the synthesized 3D Cd1−x Zn x S photocatalysts were investigated in a gas-closed circulation system (Labsolar-III, Beijing Perfactlight Technology Co. Ltd., Beijing, China) with a top-window Pyrex cell. A 300-W Xe lamp (SOLAREDGE700, Beijing Perfactlight Technology Co. Ltd., Beijing, China) was used as the light source, and UV light was removed by a cut-off filter (λ > 420 nm). Luminous power of the light source is about 40 W. The amount of H2 evolved was analyzed by an online gas chromatography (GC7900, Techcomp Ltd., Beijing, China) equipped with a thermal conductivity detector, MS-5A column, and N2 was used as carrier.

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