, 2000) and in more coastal areas of Baltic Sea (Aleksandrov et al., 2009, Heerkloss and Schnese, 1999, Ojaveer et al., 1998 and Vourinen et al., 1998) show very similar standing stocks. Main deference seems to be relatively low biomass values observed in this investigation, which may be related to adopted weight to carbon conversion rate (Tanskanen, 1994) as well as differences in used sampling gear. In conclusion we consider the observed values as reliable and bringing valuable insight on dynamics of copepod population in Gulf of Gdańsk.
Acartia spp. and T. longicornis are major copepod species in Gulf of Gdańsk ( Siudziński, 1977, Szaniawska, 1977 and Wiktor and Żmijewska, 1985) as well as in the central Baltic ( Hansen et al., 2006). Although there are some major differences in our results and previous researches, Hansen et al. (2006) BMN 673 observed the highest biomass of these species in the spring, when in our research it is rather in the summer; this could indicate
some delay in the population development in the coastal zone in relation to the open sea. This seams accurate in relation to other costal Baltic regions ( Ojaveer et al., 1998 and Vourinen et al., 1998) where very similar biomass values Torin 1 ic50 were observed. Comparison of the both sampling seasons indicates the presence of similar trend but with a clear increase of biomass in 2007, which was most likely related to hydrological conditions ( Dzierzbicka-Głowacka et al., 2013). Similarly increased biomass of T. longicornis at deeper stations was most likely associated with thermic preferences of this species. This was even more evident in the case of Pseudocalanus sp. which prefers deep cold waters below thermocline, which explains the relatively low biomass of this species found during our investigation ( Renz and Hirche, 2006 and Renz et
al., 2007), as well as general decries of this species’ biomass observed by other authors ( Hansen et al., 2006 and Möllmann et al., 2000). As for the Acartia, Kang and Kang (2005) described the seasonal variations in biomass and production of one of the dominant copepods from the genus Acartia in Ilkwang Bay (Southeastern Coast of Korea). The biomass of this species varied between Temsirolimus cost 0.01 in winter and 4.55 mg C m−3 in summer while in our investigation total biomass of Acartia spp. was in the range of 0.02–3.85 mg C m−3. Studies conducted by Selinova and Moiseenko (2006) in a relatively shallow bay, similar to Gulf Gdańsk, showed much higher biomass concentration of investigated Acartia species (Acartia tumida) although overall pattern was very similar and observed differences were an effect of hydrological condition as well as species characteristic. During the study period Acartia spp. and T. longicornis were characterized by the highest production rates in comparison to Pseudocalanus sp. ( Table 2, Fig. 3).