In the present work, the effect of the time-consuming step of gradual cell adaptation to serum-free conditions on the glycosylation profile of a mAb produced by CHO-K1 cells was evaluated. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed important changes in mAb glycosylation patterns in all steps of serum reduction. These changes could be grouped in two distinct phases of the process of adaptation: middle click here (2.5 to 0.15% serum) and final (0.075 and 0% serum). For intermediate levels of serum, a desirable increase of galactosylation and decrease of fucosylation,
but an undesirable increase in sialylation were observed; while the inverse was obtained at the final stages of adaptation. These divergences may be related to the reduction of serum supplementation, to variations in the levels of cell density and viability achieved
at these stages, and to the natural shift of the cell growth mode during adaptation from adherent to suspended. The divergent glycan profiles obtained in this study demonstrate a strong influence of the adaptation process on mAb glycosylation, suggesting that control and monitoring of product quality should be implemented at the early stages of process development.”
“The conversion of linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) to long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) is known to involve desaturation and elongation steps. Although there is evidence that genes
for these BAY 11-7082 datasheet steps can be regulated by extremes of dietary PUPA, the degree to which there is meaningful regulation of LCPUFA levels in tissues by diet as a result of changes in expression of desaturase and elongase genes is unclear. In this study, we tested the effect of increasing ALA levels in diets of rats from 0.2% to 2.9% energy (en) against a constant LA level (1%en) on plasma and liver phospholipid LCPUFA Selleckchem VE-822 content together with the expression of hepatic genes involved in PUFA metabolism, the desaturases FADS1 and FADS2, the elongases ELOV2 and ELOV5, and the transcription factors sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha). The levels of plasma and liver eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) increased in proportion to dietary ALA whereas docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) increased only up to 1%en ALA. A low PUFA (0.4%en) reference diet stimulated the expression of delta 6 desaturase (FADS2) and elongase 2 (ELOVL2) when compared to higher PUFA diets. There was, however, no difference in the expression of any of the genes in rats, which were fed diets containing between 0.2%en and 2.9%en ALA and mRNA expression was unrelated to tissue/plasma LCPUFA content.