Pt aEuroS++ aEuroSE additivity indicate independence of involved

Pt aEuroS++ aEuroSE additivity indicate independence of involved repair pathways. Furthermore, the quantification of interactive events may be an additional suitable tool in tumour therapy planning.”
“Aims: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves hemodynamic parameters, exercise capacity, symptoms, functional status, and prognosis among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The role of the vascular endothelium in these improvements is largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the endothelium-dependent

reactivity of the peripheral microcirculation improves in CHF patients during the first 2 months of CRT.

Methods: We used local heating and iontophoresis of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) to measure endothelial function and smooth muscle function in the cutaneous microvasculature of 11 CHF patients before and 2 months after CRT.

Results: We found Pevonedistat price that the perfusion response in the skin to local heating was increased 2 months postCRT compared with baseline, both in terms of maximum perfusion (baseline: 113 [90-137] vs 2-months post-CRT: 137 [98-175], P = 0.037) and area under curve (baseline: 1,601 [935-2,268] vs 2-months CRT: 2,205 [1,654-2,757],

P = 0.047). Also, the perfusion response to iontophoresis of ACh was improved (Emax: 23.9 [20.6-26.2] vs at 2-months CRT: 31.2 [29.3-33.4], P = 0.005). No difference was found between the responses to SNP Small molecule library cell assay before and after CRT.

Conclusion: These results

show that CRT improves endothelium-dependent vasodilatory capacity in the peripheral microcirculation within 2 months of therapy. The improvement in functional capacity that is seen in patients treated with CRT may, therefore, be in part mediated by an improvement of endothelium-dependent vasodilatory capacity. (PACE 2012; 35: 377-384)”
“Background: The orexigenic peptide ghrelin activates the reward systems, specifically the cholinergic-dopaminergic reward link, suggesting that ghrelin may increase the incentive salience of motivated behaviours such as food seeking. Moreover, central ghrelin signalling, involving the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1A (GHS-R1A), is required for the rewarding properties, as measured by locomotor stimulation, accumbal dopamine release and conditioned place preference, of alcohol, cocaine as well as amphetamine. As the target circuits for other drugs of abuse, including nicotine, in the brain includes this reward link, we sought to determine whether the central ghrelin signalling system is involved in nicotine’s activation of this system.

Methods: This was investigated by studying the effects of peripheral administration of a GHS-R1A antagonist (JMV2959) on the nicotine-induced locomotor simulation, accumbal dopamine release and conditioned place preference.

(C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc J Appl Polym Sci 119: 1239-1247,

(C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 119: 1239-1247, 2011″
“Previous studies have shown rapid and extensive genomic instability associated with early stages of allopolyploidization in wheat. However, these studies are based on either VX-680 in vitro a few pre-selected genomic loci or genome-wide analysis of a single plant individual for a given cross combination, thus making the extent and generality of the changes uncertain. To further study the generality and characteristics of allopolyploidization-induced genomic instability in wheat, we investigated genetic and epigenetic changes from

a genome-wide perspective (by using the AFLP and MSAP markers) in four sets of newly synthesized allotetraploid wheat lines with various genome constitutions, each containing three randomly chosen individual plants at the same generation. We document that although general chromosomal stability was characteristic of all four sets

of allotetraploid wheat lines, genetic and epigenetic changes at the molecular level occurred in all these plants, with both kinds of changes classifiable into two distinct categories, i.e., stochastic and directed. The abundant type of genetic change is loss of parental bands while the prevalent cytosine methylation pattern alteration is hypermethylation at the CHG sites. Our results have extended previous studies regarding allopolyploidization-induced genomic dynamics in wheat by demonstrating CAL-101 chemical structure the generality of both genetic and epigenetic changes associated with multiple nascent allotetraploid wheat lines, and providing novel insights into the characteristics of the two kinds of induced genomic instabilities.”
“The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect JIB-04 order of religious

practice on the prevalence, severity, and patterns of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in a Thai elderly population with the same ethnicity and culture but different religions. A house-to-house survey was conducted in two subdistricts of Phranakhon Sri Ayutthaya province where inhabitants are a mixture of Buddhists and Muslims. One hundred fifty-three Buddhists and 150 Muslims aged a parts per thousand yen 50 years were evaluated demographically, physically, and radiographically. Those suffering knee pains were questioned about severity using the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores and examined for their range of knee motion. Radiographic knee OA (ROA) was defined as Kellgren-Lawrence radiographic grade a parts per thousand yen2 while symptomatic knee OA (SOA) was defined as knee symptoms of at least 1 month in a knee with ROA. Muslims had on average a higher number of daily religious practices than their Buddhist neighbors (p < 0.001). The prevalence of knee pain and ROA was significantly higher in Buddhists than in Muslims (67.11 vs. 55.80, p = 0.

jirovecii and its epidemiological and clinical parameters, and th

jirovecii and its epidemiological and clinical parameters, and the important concepts achieved to date with these approaches. The multilocus typing studies performed until now have shown that there is an important genetic diversity of stable and ubiquitous P. jirovecii genotypes; infection with P. jirovecii is not necessarily clonal, recombination

between some P. jirovecii multilocus genotypes has been suggested. P. jirovecii-specific multilocus genotypes can be associated with severity of PcP. Patients infected with P. jirovecii, regardless of the form of infection they present with, are part of a common human reservoir for future infections. The CYB, DHFR, DHPS, mtLSU rRNA, SOD and the ITS loci are suitable genetic targets to be used in further epidemiological studies focused on the identification and characterization of P. jirovecii

haplotypes correlated with drug resistance and PcP outcome.”
“The effect of ion-beam PFTα Apoptosis inhibitor (IB) irradiation on magnetic softness in Fe-Co thin films was evaluated by means of in situ magnetoresistance (MR) measurements. A 25 nm Fe(70)Co(30) film was etched by Ar IB, and successive MR measurements learn more were performed in the same IB etching chamber. Since the IB etching and MR measurements were performed alternately in vacuum, it was possible to evaluate the etching effect on magnetic softness of the single sample without any capping layer interaction. We name the thickness below which the magnetic softness of the etched film starts to decrease as the critical thickness (T(cr)). The T(cr) was found to be affected by IB energy: 150 and 250 V IB, respectively, showed 7.5 and 10 nm smaller T(cr) than that of 600 V IB. Structural analysis revealed the 600 V IB introduced a larger deterioration in the film crystallinity than with the 250 V IB. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3556927]“
“Background: Active-fixation

pacing leads are being widely employed due to their theoretical advantages check details when compared with traditional passive-fixation leads: easy fixation and reposition, possible deployment in alternative pacing sites, lower rates of dislodgment, and chronic removability. However, the behavior of the active-fixation mechanism during lead removal has not been yet systematically studied and may have important clinical implications.

Objective: To evaluate if the active-fixation mechanism was still working properly in pacing leads that were removed due to different causes.

Methods: Thirty-one consecutive patients undergoing active-fixation lead removal (40 leads) were studied. Before lead removal, the helix was retracted using the appropriate tool, and fluoroscopy signs were evaluated. After removal, the helix status was examined, and the active-fixation mechanism was once again retested when possible.

Results: In nine of 40 leads (22.5%), the helix remained extended after lead removal in spite of having applied the number of rotations recommended by the manufacturer with the clip-on tool.

It focuses primarily on participants’ reflections on genetic and

It focuses primarily on participants’ reflections on genetic and social kinship relationships. Data were collected from

this group as well as from the son of the donor and the donor-conceived half-sister of one participant by means of semistructured interviews utilizing asynchronous email and digitalized voice recording. Participants discussed their experience of genetic disconnection resulting from learning of their donor-conceived status and of revising their personal biographies and developing new kinship networks as a result of discovering check details the identity of their donor and the existence of donor half-siblings. The study highlights

participants’ agency expressed through their ability to draw on both genetic and non-genetic elements of their inheritance to redefine their self-identity and extend their familial/kinship selleck compound networks in meaningful ways. (C) 2012, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction Intervertebral spacers are made of different materials, which can affect the postfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Susceptibility artifacts, especially for metallic implants, can decrease the image quality. This study aimed to determine whether magnesium as a lightweight and biocompatible metal is suitable as a biomaterial for spinal implants based on its MRI artifacting behavior.

Materials and methods To compare artifacting behaviors, we implanted into one porcine Rapamycin manufacturer cadaveric spine different test spacers made of magnesium,

titanium, and CFRP. All test spacers were scanned using two T1-TSE MRI sequences. The artifact dimensions were traced on all scans and statistically analyzed.

Results The total artifact volume and median artifact area of the titanium spacers were statistically significantly larger than magnesium spacers (P < 0.001), while magnesium and CFRP spacers produced almost identical artifacting behaviors (P > 0.05).

Conclusion Our results suggest that spinal implants made with magnesium alloys will behave more like CFRP devices in MRI scans.”
“AimThis study was designed to detect the accuracy of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in diagnosing premature rupture of fetal membranes.

Materials and MethodsA total of 150 pregnant women after 37 weeks’ gestation were included in this study and divided into two groups according to presence or absence of premature rupture of the membranes (PROM); 75 patients with PROM were included in group I and 75 patients without PROM were included in group II as controls.

However, little is known about the relationship between cigarette

However, little is known about the relationship between cigarette and cannabis use trajectories in the context of treatment for both ADHD and SUD. To Belnacasan price address this research gap, we report collateral analyses from a 16-week randomized, controlled trial (n = 303) of osmotic-release methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) in adolescents with ADHD concurrently receiving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) targeting non-nicotine SUD.

Methods: Participants completed cigarette and cannabis use self-report at baseline and throughout treatment. Analyses were performed to explore the relationships

between cigarette smoking, cannabis use, and other factors, such as medication treatment assignment (OROS-MPH versus placebo).

Results: Baseline (pre-treatment) cigarette smoking was positively correlated with cannabis use. Negligible decline in cigarette smoking during treatment for non-nicotine SUD was observed in both medication groups. Regular cigarette and cannabis users at baseline who reduced their cannabis use by >50% also reduced cigarette smoking

(from 10.8 +/- 1.1 to 6.2 +/- 1.1 cigarettes per day).

Conclusions: Findings highlight the challenging nature of concurrent cannabis and cigarette use in adolescents with GSK690693 inhibitor ADHD, but demonstrate that changes in use of these substances during treatment may occur in parallel. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Analysis of outpatient prescription indicators and trends was done to investigate the effect of academic and administrative intervention. According to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, the retrospective method was used. We sampled the daily prescriptions, computed the daily prescription indicator and compared the mean of ten days. We sampled 1180 from 36581 prescriptions; and the percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name (generic name percent) was 69.2%, percentage of prescriptions with an antibiotic prescribed (antibiotic percent) was 39.15%, percentage of prescriptions with an injection prescribed (injection percent) was 22.63%, average number of drug per prescription (drug number)

Etomoxir inhibitor was 2.04, and the average drug cost per prescription (drug cost) was (sic)124.30 ($18.24). By comparing the prescribing trends, the drug cost and generic name percent increased yearly. Though other indicators had no statistical significance, they had a decreasing trend. Academic and administrative interventions have already been made by Chinese medical management, and it seen that some prescribing indicators are higher in other countries, but the prescribing trends are becoming more and more rational.”
“Purpose of review

Interventional pulmonology is a rapidly expanding field offering less invasive therapeutic procedures for significant pulmonary problems. Many of the therapies may be new for the anesthesiologist. Although less invasive than surgery, some of these procedures will carry significant risks and complications.

An enhanced Gilbert damping parameter of 0 1 was required to repr

An enhanced Gilbert damping parameter of 0.1 was required to reproduce the experimentally observed Kerr signals. (c) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3056405]“
“Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) which contain diverse organic groups, such as antibiotics, hormones, antimicrobial agents, synthetic musks, etc., have raised significant concerns in recently years for their persistent input and potential learn more threat to ecological environment and human health. China is a large country with high production and consumption of PPCPs for its economic development and population growth in recent years. This may result in PPCP contamination in different environmental media of China. This review summarizes

the current contamination status of different environment media, including sewage, surface water, sludge, sediments, soil, and wild animals, in China by PPCPs. The human body burden and adverse effects derived from PPCPs are also evaluated. Based on this review, it has been concluded that more contamination information of aquatic environment

and wildlife as well as human body burden of PPCPs in different areas of China is urgent. Studies about their environmental behavior and control technologies need to be conducted, and acute and chronic toxicities of different PPCP groups should be investigated for assessing their potential ecological and health risks. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In CH5424802 clinical trial this paper, a novel fiber-based, magneto-optic switch based on a Sagnac interferometer is presented. Experimental results at 1550 nm are reported BIX 01294 and device performance such as extinction ratio for both single-mode and multi-mode fiber is presented. The performance is modeled using an analytical model which includes reflections at magneto-optic interfaces. The paper examines ways to improve the extinction ratio and the performance of the Sagnac configuration. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3058627]“

studies showed that the developing brain is particularly sensitive to chemical exposure. Human studies carried out in areas with high exposures have proven neurodevelopmental disorders in relation to e.g. lead and PCBs. Whether these chemicals are associated with behavioural problems in childhood at current environmental levels is not well known. Therefore, we assessed the association between prenatal exposure to lead, cadmium, PCBs, dioxin-like compounds, HCB and p,p’-DDE and behavioural problems in 7-8 year old children. Prenatal exposure data were obtained from the Flemish mother-new-born cohort. Lead, cadmium, PCBs, dioxin-like compounds, HCB and p,p’-DDE were analysed in cord blood. When the child reached 7-8 years, 270 mothers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire assessing their children’s behavioural health. We found that doubling the prenatal lead exposure (cord blood lead levels) was associated with a 3.

(C) 2009 International Society for Infectious Diseases Published

(C) 2009 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose To test whether improvement EX 527 supplier in glycosylated

haemoglobin (HbA(1c)) as a marker of glycaemic control, following intensifying insulin therapy, is associated with improvements in HRQoL.

Methods Dutch sub-optimally controlled (HbA(1c) > 7%) type 2 diabetes patients (N = 447, mean age 59 +/- 11) initiated insulin glargine therapy. Data were collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months, and included HbA1c and measures of HRQoL: diabetes symptom distress (Diabetes Symptom Checklist-revised; DSC-r), fear of hypoglycaemia (Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey; HFS-w) and emotional well-being (WHO-5 wellbeing index).

Results HbA(1c) decreased from 8.8 +/- 1.4% to 8.0 +/- 1.2% and 7.7 +/- 1.3% at 3 and 6 months follow-up, respectively (P < 0.001), DSC-r score improved from 17.7 +/- 14.7 to 14.3 +/- 13.3 and 13.6 +/- 13.3 (P < 0.001). HFS-w score did not significantly change. WHO-5 score increased from 56 +/- 23 to 62 +/- 23 and 65 +/- 22 P < 0.001). A modest, significant association was found between HbA(1c) and WHO-5 score (B = -1.8, 95% CI: -2.7 to -0.8) and HbA1c and DSC-r score (B = 1.0, 95% CI: 0.4 to 1.6). No such association was found for HFS-w score.

Conclusions An association between improvement in HbA(1c) by means of optimising insulin

therapy and improvement in HRQoL in type 2 diabetes patients has been observed. A weak, yet significant longitudinal association Luminespib supplier was found between improved HbA(1c) and emotional well-being and diabetes symptom distress.”
“The electrochemical redox reaction of hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CC)was

investigated with poly-(p-aminobenzoic acid) modified glassy-carbon electrode (poly-p-ABA/GCE) via cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential Pulse voltammetry (DPV). The Poly-p-ABA/GCE has shown an excellent electrocatalytic activity for HQ and CC in 0.1 ml L(-1) phosphate JIB-04 mouse buffer solution (PBS). The oxidation and reduction separation (Delta E) has been decreased from 353 to 32 mV for HQ and from 228 to 33 mV vs. SCE for CC at the bare GCE and poly-p-ABA/GCE respectively. DPV curves show that the oxidation potential of HQ and CC has a separation about 105 mV at the poly-p-ABA/GCE. Moreover, the oxidation current of HQ and CC has been enhanced two and four times respectively at the modified electrode. Using DPV method, a highly selective and simultaneous determination of HQ and CC has been explored at the poly-p-ABA/GCE. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 113: 2881-2886, 2009″
“We report the case of an atypical disseminated leishmaniasis with similar clinical characteristics to post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis, an uncommon disease in South America. This occurred in a Brazilian patient with AIDS, 3 years after the first episode of American visceral leishmaniasis. (C) 2009 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

“The risk of type 2 diabetes among obese adults who are me

“The risk of type 2 diabetes among obese adults who are metabolically healthy has not been established. We systematically searched Medline (1946-August 2013) and Embase (1947-August 2013) for prospective studies of type 2 diabetes incidence (defined by blood glucose levels or self-report) among metabolically healthy obese adults (defined by body mass index [BMI] and normal cardiometabolic clustering, insulin profile or risk score) aged >= 18 years at baseline. We

supplemented the analysis with an original effect estimate from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), with metabolically healthy obesity defined as BMI >= 30 kg m(-2) and <2 of hypertension, impaired Torin 2 chemical structure glycaemic control, systemic inflammation, adverse high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and adverse triglycerides. Estimates from seven published

studies and ELSA were pooled using random effects meta-analyses (1,770 healthy obese participants; 98 type 2 diabetes cases). The pooled adjusted relative risk (RR) for incident type 2 diabetes was 4.03 (95% confidence interval = 2.66-6.09) in healthy obese adults and 8.93 (6.86-11.62) in unhealthy obese compared with healthy normal-weight adults. Although there was between-study heterogeneity in the size of effects (I-2 selleck compound = 49.8%; P = 0.03), RR for healthy obesity exceeded one in every study, indicating a consistently increased risk across study populations. Metabolically healthy obese adults show a substantially increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared

with metabolically healthy normal-weight adults. Prospective evidence does not indicate that healthy obesity is a harmless condition.”
“Water was a prominent substance with Pythagoras, Xenophanes, Heraclitus and GSK923295 solubility dmso Parmenides, who flourished in the years 530-490 BC. The basic Pythagorean elements were earth and fire, and between them there were 2 intermediate entities (water and air), which were instrumental and indispensable components of specific solids. All things are a blend of different elements. For Xenophanes, “”All things that come into being and grow are earth and water,”" “”We all originated from earth and water”" and “”And in certain caves water drips down.”" For Heraclitus water is an ambivalent substance: “” One cannot bathe in the same river on two occasions.”" “”The sea is the safest and the most polluted water, for fish it is healthy and gives life, for men it is unhealthy and causes death.”" “”Fire experiences the death of earth, air experiences that of fire, water experiences the death of air and the earth that of water.”" Parmenides was a man who sought the truth through reasoning and was, according to Hegel, the founder of Western philosophy. He built a dualist theory of the cosmos based on heat and cold, fire and earth – the former as a cause, the latter as substrate.

Cohort admission data were collected from October 2001 to Februar

Cohort admission data were collected from October 2001 to February 2008. Body region injured was assigned using International Classification of Diseases Ninth Edition primary diagnosis codes. Resource utilization was calculated using the 2008 Department of Defense billing calculator.

Results: Our cohort consisted of

1,337 service members with 2,899 admissions. Three hundred forty-one service members had 670 readmissions. Of rehospitalizations, 64% were for extremity injuries making up 66% of all rehospitalization days. Seventy percent of service members injured had at least one admission for extremity injury. Wound debridement made up 12% of all readmissions, and 92% of these were for extremity injuries. The estimated cost Salubrinal Apoptosis inhibitor of rehospitalization for extremity injuries for this conflict to date is $139 million.

Conclusions: Extremity injuries have been shown to Ruboxistaurin order result in the greatest long-term disability and require the greatest resource utilization during initial treatment. This study demonstrates that they also are the most frequent cause of rehospitalization and require the greatest resource utilization during rehospitalization.”

(PK) is a major form of dietary vitamin K; however, the most prevalent form of vitamin K in humans and animals is menaquinone-4 (MK-4). Despite its high concentrations, the origin of MK-4 is yet to be defined. It is postulated that PK is converted into MK-4 and accumulates in extrahepatic tissues. To C59 clarify this, PK with a deuterium-labelled 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone ring was administered orally to mice and their cerebra were collected for deuterium (D) NMR and liquid chromatography

(LC)-MS/MS analyses. We identified labelled MK-4 formed by conversion of the given PK, and this conversion occurred following oral or enteral administration but not parenteral or intracerebroventrical administration. Through the oral route, PK with the deuterium-labelled side chain in addition to the labelled 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone was clearly converted into labelled MK-4 with a non-deuterium-labelled side chain, implying that PK was converted into MK-4 via the removal of an integral side chain. Our results suggest that cerebral MK-4 originates from PK intake, comprising the release of menadione (K(3)) from PK in the intestine followed by prenylation of K(3) into MK-4 in the intestine or other tissues. We recently demonstrated that deuterium-labelled PK (PK-d(7)) and deuterium-labelled K(3) (K(3)-d(8)) are converted to deuterium-labelled MK-4 (MK-4-d(7)) in human osteoblast-like MG-63 cells. Moreover, we identified that the side chain substrate involved in the conversion of PK or K(3) to MK-4 is geranylgeranyl diphosphate deriving from the mevalonate pathway. Therefore, MK-4 biosynthesis likely plays an important role in biological functions of the brain and bones.

This project varies the percentage by weight of the glass powder

This project varies the percentage by weight of the glass powder in the composites. After casting the composites to the molds, they were cured at ambient conditions for 24 h. They were then Selleckchem Fludarabine postcured in a conventional oven and subjected to tensile and flexural tests. The contribution of the study was that if tensile and flexural properties were the most important factors to be considered in the applications of the composites, the maximum amount of glass powder can be added to the resin will be five (5) percent. It was also found that the fractured

surfaces examined under scanning electron microscope were correlated with the tensile and flexural strength It is also hoped that the discussion and results in this work would not only contribute toward the development of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites with better material properties, but also useful for the investigations of tensile and flexural properties in other composites. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 152-161, 2012″
“Two important issues concerning the scattering phases in a quantum wire with an attractive scatterer are investigated. We consider the case of two quasibound states which selleck couple to a scattering channel and give rise to two Fano resonances. First, we examine the effects of temperature

on the phase of the transmission amplitude and the Friedel phase. It is shown that temperature effects tend to smear sharp features of the transmission phase; namely, the phase drops become less than pi, and acquire finite widths which increase linearly in the low-temperature regime. The influence of temperature on the Friedel phase and density of states becomes stronger as the Fano resonance becomes narrower.

Second, we examine the behavior of the Friedel phase when the energy of the incident electron crosses an infinitely narrow Fano resonance, forming bound state in the continuum. It is shown that the Friedel phase exhibits abrupt jump of pi at this energy. We discuss this odd behavior in relation to the Friedel sum rule and point out its consequences Torin 1 on the charge in the scattering region. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3603028]“
“To achieve a stable blend of a bisphenol A type epoxy resin and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), reaction between hydroxyl (OH) groups of the epoxy and silanol groups of hydroxyl-terminated(HT) PDMS has been investigated. The chemical structures of the HTPDMS-modified epoxies were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and H-1- and C-13-NMR spectroscopy. To allow further understanding of the influence of viscosity and content of HTPDMS on the blend morphology, four different viscosities of HTPDMS were used in three content levels. The morphologies of modified epoxy resins were observed with optical microscopy. The modified epoxies were cured with a cycloaliphatic polyamine.