Although CNP located chiefly in the cytoplasm of oligodendrocytes might not serve as a cell-surface NIG receptor, Nutlin-3a price it could act as a conformational stabilizer for the intrinsically unstructured large segment of Amino-Nogo. “
“We report two cases of ependymoma which showed prominent “granular cell” changes of the cytoplasm. The patients were a 7-year-old boy with a tumor
in the cerebellum (case 1) and a 70-year-old man with a tumor in the frontal lobe (case 2). The tumor of case 1 showed a histopathological appearance of ependymoma containing many focal aggregates of large polygonal cells in which the cytoplasm was stuffed with numerous eosinophilic granules. The tumor of case 2 predominantly showed the features of papillary ependymoma, and some tumor cells were swollen and contained similar eosinophilic granules. Intracytoplasmic granules in both tumors were immunoreactive for GFAP and ubiquitin, but not for epithelial membrane antigen, CD68 or mitochondria. Ultrastructurally, they were found as aggregates of membrane-bound, electron-dense, globular structures. Karyotypic analysis of the tumor in case 1 demonstrated 2, 11 and 12 trisomies. Intracytoplasmic GSK2126458 eosinophilic granules occasionally occur in astrocytic and oligodendroglial neoplasms, but an appearance of similar granules is very rare in ependymoma. The two cases presented here may represent a new histopathological variant
of ependymoma, and the term “granular cell ependymoma” is appropriate for them. “
“V. Arechavala-Gomeza, M. Kinali, L. Feng, S. C. Brown, C. Sewry, J. E. Morgan and F. Muntoni (2010) Neuropathology
and Applied Neurobiology36, 265–274 Immunohistological intensity measurements as a tool to assess sarcolemma-associated protein expression Aims: The quantification of protein levels in muscle biopsies is of particular relevance in the diagnostic process of neuromuscular diseases, but is difficult to assess in cases of partial protein deficiency, particularly when information on protein localization is required. The combination of immunohistochemistry selleck chemical and Western blotting is often used in these cases, but is not always possible if the sample is scarce. We therefore sought to develop a method to quantify relative levels of sarcolemma-associated proteins using digitally captured images of immunolabelled sections of skeletal muscle. Methods: To validate our relative quantification method, we labelled dystrophin and other sarcolemmal proteins in transverse sections of muscle biopsies taken from Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Becker muscular dystrophy patients, a manifesting carrier of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and normal controls. Results: Using this method to quantify relative sarcolemmal protein abundance, we were able to accurately distinguish between the different patients on the basis of the relative amount of dystrophin present.